U.S. Supreme Court to Review 47 cases for October Term 2007 Which Begins Monday

 September 28, 2007


The US Supreme Court on Tuesday granted certiorari [orders list, PDF] in 17 cases for the October Term 2007, among them notable cases dealing with lethal injection, voter ID laws and subsequently seized evidence. In a Kentucky case,  Baze v. Rees (07-5439) [docket; cert. petition], the Court will consider whether lethal injections of death row inmates constitute cruel and unusual punishment in violation of the Eighth Amendment. At issue is the three-drug mixture [DPIC backgrounder] of an anesthetic, a muscle paralyzer and a substance to stop the heart used in Kentucky and 36 other states. Opponents of the method claim that it does not contain enough anesthetic to relieve pain; however, the Kentucky Supreme Court in upholding the injection last November ruled that the prohibition of cruel and unusual punishment does not ban all pain. Last week, a federal judge in Tennessee held that the state’s execution protocols, which use the same three-drug cocktail, violate the Eighth Amendment because they do not ensure that prisoners are properly anesthetized before they receive a lethal injection.

In two other cases, the Court will hear challenges to the constitutionality of Indiana’s controversial voter identification statute [Indiana SOS backgrounder, PDF] that requires voters to present photo identification as a prerequisite to voting. The cases, Crawford v. Marion City Election Board (07-21) [docket; cert. petition], and Indiana Democratic Party v. Rokita (07-25) [docket; cert. petition], pit those who believe the law prevents voter fraud against opponents who believe the legislation makes it difficult for minorities and impoverished voters to participate in elections. In January, the US Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit upheld the law, ruling that it does not put an undue burden on the right to vote and therefore does not violate the US Constitution. The US Supreme Court confronted the issue of voter ID laws last term. In October 2006, the Court ruled in a per curiam opinion [PDF text] that Arizona could enforce its voter ID law [JURIST report], which requires voters to show government-issued voter ID cards [JURIST news archive] at the polls. Last month, a federal judge held that the same Arizona voter ID law did not operate as an illegal poll tax.
In
Virginia v. Moore (06-1082) [docket; cert. petition], the Court will consider whether a court must suppress evidence seized after an arrest that violated state law. The Virginia Supreme Court ruled that David Lee Moore, who was arrested on a suspended license charge, should have been released and issued a summons, making the subsequent search, which turned up crack cocaine, illegal and all evidence inadmissible. Other state courts have held that subsequently seized evidence does not have to be suppressed.

Other cases involve:
 

Whether foreign detainees at the U.S. run Guantanamo Bay naval base have a right to challenge their imprisonment in Federal Courts.
 

Whether a murderer on Texas’ death row has a right to a new hearing since he was not told of his right to contract the Mexican consular office when he was arrested.
 

Whether a federal law making it a crime to advertise or promote pictures of children engaging in sexual acts, regardless of whether the promote had real child pornography for sale.
 

Discretion of federal judges to depart from U.S. Sentencing guidelines in determining prison time to give less time for defendants found guilty of possessing crack cocaine as compared to powdered cocaine.
 

Whether federal law against age discrimination on the job prohibits retaliation against workers who file age bias claims.
 

Whether shareholders of companies that engage in securities fraud can bring lawsuits against secondary participants such as lawyers, investment banks and others who allegedly had a role in the fraud.
 

Striking of blacks from jury pools.
 

Whether parents of disabled children can require school districts to pay for private education when the child was never a student in the school system.
 

 

As of September 25, 2007
 
06-43              CFX    STONERIDGE INVESTMENT V. SCIENTIFIC-ATLANTA, INC.
                                    Court:  USCA-8                                             Grant:  3/26/07 (CJ & SGB – no part)
                                    Argument Date:  10/9/07
 
06-179            CFX    RIEGEL V. MEDTRONIC, INC.
                                    Court:  USCA-2                                             Grant:  6/25/07
 
06-457            CFX    ROWE, ATT’Y GEN. OF ME V. NH MOTOR TRANSPORT ASSN.
                                    Court:  USCA-1                                             Grant:  6/25/07
 
06-571            CFY    WATSON V. UNITED STATES
                                    Court:  USCA-5                                             Grant:  2/26/07
                                    Argument Date:  10/9/07
 
06-637            CFX    BD. OF EDUCATION OF CITY OF NEW YORK V. TOM F.
                                    Court:  USCA-2                                             Grant:  2/26/07
                                    Argument Date:  10/1/07
 
           
06-666            CSX    DEPT. OF REVENUE OF KY V. DAVIS
                                    Court:  CA-KY                                                Grant:  5/21/07
                                    Argument Date:  11/5/07
 
06-694            CFY    UNITED STATES V. WILLIAMS
                                    Court:  USCA-11                                           Grant:  3/26/07
                                    Argument Date:  10/30/07
 
06-713)          CFX    WASHINGTON STATE GRANGE V. WA REPUBLICAN PARTY
06-730)          CFX    WASHINGTON V. WA REPUBLICAN PARTY
                                    Court:  USCA-9                                             Grant:  2/26/07
                                    Argument Date:  10/1/07
 
06-766            CFX    NY BD. OF ELECTIONS V. TORRES
                                    Court:  USCA-2                                             Grant:  2/20/07
                                    Argument Date:  10/3/07
 
06-856            CFX    LARUE V. DEWOLFF, BOBERG & ASSOC., INC.
                                    Court:  USCA-4                                             Grant:  6/18/07
 
06-937            CFX    QUANTA COMPUTER, INC. V. LG ELECTRONICS, INC.
                                    Court:  USCA-Fed.                                       Grant:  9/25/07
 
06-984            CSH   MEDELLIN V. TEXAS
                                    Court:  Crim. App., TX                                  Grant:  4/30/07
                                    Argument Date:  10/10/07
 
06-989            CFX    HALL STREET ASSOC. V. MATTEL, INC.
                                    Court:  USCA-9                                             Grant:  5/29/07
                                    Argument Date:  11/7/07
 
06-1005         CFH    UNITED STATES V. SANTOS
                                    Court:  USCA-7                                             Grant:  4/23/07
                                    Argument Date:  10/3/07
 
06-1037         CFX    KENTUCKY RETIREMENT SYS. V. EEOC
                                    Court:  USCA-6                                             Grant:  9/25/07
 
06-1082         CSY    VIRGINIA V. MOORE
                                    Court:  SC-VA                                               Grant:  9/25/07
 
06-1164         CFX    JOHN R. SAND & GRAVEL CO. V. UNITED STATES
                                    Court:  USCA-Fed.                                       Grant:  5/29/07
                                    Argument Date:  11/6/07
 
06-1181         CFX    DADA V. KEISLER, ACTING ATT’Y GEN.
                                    Court:  USCA-5                                             Grant:  9/25/07 
 
06-1195)        CFH    BOUMEDIENE V. BUSH, PRESIDENT OF UNITED STATES
06-1196)        CFH    AL ODAH V. UNITED STATES
                                    Court:  USCA-DC                                         Grant:  6/29/07
 
06-1221         CFX    SPRINT/UNITED MANAGEMENT CO. V. MENDELSOHN
                                    Court:  USCA-10                                           Grant:  6/11/07
 
06-1265         CFX    KLEIN & CO. FUTURES, INC. V. BD. OF TRADE OF THE CITY OF NY
                                    Court:  USCA-2                                             Grant:  5/21/07
                                    Argument Date:  10/29/07
 
06-1286         CFX    KNIGHT V. CIR
                                    Court:  USCA-2                                             Grant:  6/25/07
 
06-1287         CFX    CSX TRANSPORTATION, INC. V. GA BD. OF EQUALIZATION
                                    Court:  USCA-11                                           Grant:  5/29/07
                                    Argument Date:  11/5/07
 
06-1321         CFX    GOMEZ-PEREZ V. POTTER, POSTMASTER GEN.
                                    Court:  USCA-1                                             Grant:  9/25/07
 
06-1322         CFX    FEDERAL EXPRESS CORP. V. HOLOWECKI
                                    Court:  USCA-2                                             Grant:  6/4/07
                                    Argument Date:  11/6/07
 
06-1346         CFH    ALI V. ACHIM
                                    Court:  USCA-7                                             Grant:  9/25/07
 
06-1413         CSX    MEADWESTVACO CORP. V. IL DEPT. OF REVENUE
                                    Court:  App. Crt., IL-1st Dist.             Grant:  9/25/07
 
06-1431         CFX    CBOCS WEST, INC. V. HUMPHRIES
                                    Court:  USCA-7                                             Grant:  9/25/07
 
06-1457)        CFX    MORGAN STANLEY CAPITAL GROUP V. PUBLIC UTILITY DIST. 1
06-1462)        CFX    CALPINE ENERGY SVCS. V. PUBLIC UTILITY DIST. 1
                                    Court:  USCA-9                                             Grant:  9/25/07
 
06-1463         CSX    PRESTON V. FERRER
                                    Court:  CA-CA, 2nd App. Dist.                     Grant:  9/25/07
 
06-1498         CFX    WARNER-LAMBERT CO. V. KENT
                                    Court:  USCA-2                                             Grant:  9/25/07
 
06-1509         CFY    BOULWARE V. UNITED STATES
                                    Court:  USCA-9                                             Grant:  9/25/07
 
06-1646         CFY    UNITED STATES V. RODRIQUEZ
                                    Court:  USCA-9                                             Grant:  9/25/07
 
06-6330         CFY    KIMBROUGH V. UNITED STATES
                                    Court:  USCA-4                                             Grant:  6/11/07
                                    Argument Date:  10/2/07
 
06-6911         CFY    LOGAN V. UNITED STATES
                                    Court:  USCA-7                                             Grant:  2/20/07
                                    Argument Date:  10/30/07
 
06-7949         CFY    GALL V. UNITED STATES
                                    Court:  USCA-8                                             Grant:  6/11/07
                                    Argument Date:  10/2/07
 
06-8273         CSH   DANFORTH V. MINNESOTA
                                    Court:  SC-MN                                               Grant:  5/21/07
                                    Argument Date:  10/31/07
 
06-9130         CFX    ALI V. FED. BUREAU OF PRISONS
                                    Court:  USCA-11                                           Grant:  5/29/07
                                    Argument Date:  10/29/07
06-10119       CSY    SNYDER V. LOUISIANA
                        Court:  SC-LA                                                Grant:  6/25/07
 
06-11543       CFY    BEGAY V. UNITED STATES
                                    Court:  USCA-10                                           Grant:  9/25/07
 
06-11612       CFY    GONZALEZ V. UNITED STATES
                                    Court:  USCA-5                                             Grant:  9/25/07
 
07-21)                        CFX    CRAWFORD V. MARION CTY. ELECTION BD.
07-25)                        CFX    IN DEMOCRATIC PARTY V. ROKITA, IN SEC. OF STATE
                                    Court:  USCA-7                                             Grant:  9/25/07
 
07-5439         CSX    BAZE V. REES, COMM’R, KY DOC
                                    Court:  SC-KY                                                Grant:  9/25/07
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



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