MEMORIAL DAY THOUGHTS – see how many war deaths we should honor

MEMORIAL DAY THOUGHTS BY STAN BILLINGSLEY
A few years ago, while eating lunch in Bruge, Belgium, I struck up a conversation with an elderly couple  from London, England. The wife asked me, “was their much fighting in WWI around here.”
 

I told her that every flower in the nearby fields was fertilized with English blood.  We weren’t far from Flanders field.  Gwen found this famous poem. (below)
 

When visiting with some fiends in Bridgnorth, Enland I noticed and old family picture on the wall.  Which had a group of about 25 people.  As I recall our host told us all of the men in the picture (about l5) but two, had been killed in WWI.
 

World War I (much more so than WWII) had a devastating affect on the English as well as other nations.
 

Perhaps this is a good time to review how many deaths have been caused by war in modern history.
 

WWI casualties:

Entente Powers
Population Millions
Military Deaths
Civilian Deaths
Total Deaths
Military Wounded
 Australia[1] 4.5 61,928 61,928 152,171
 Belgium[2] 7.4 42,987 62,000 104,987 44,686
 Canada[3] 7.2 64,944 2,000 66,944 149,732
 France[4] 39.6 1,397,800 300,000 1,697,800 4,266,000
 Greece[5] 4.8 26,000 150,000 176,000 21,000
 British Raj[6] 315.1 74,187 74,187 69,214
 Italy[7] 35.6 651,010 589,000 1,240,010 953,886
 Japan[8] 53.6 415 415 907
 Montenegro[9] .5 3,000 3,000 10,000
 New Zealand[10] 1.1 18,050 18,050 41,317
 Newfoundland[11] .2 1,204 1,204 2,314
 Portugal[12] 6.0 7,222 82,000 89,222 13,751
 Romania[13] 7.5 250,000 430,000 680,000 120,000
 Russian Empire[14] 158.9 1,811,000 1,500,000 3,311,000 4,950,000
 Kingdom of Serbia[15] 4.5 275,000 450,000 725,000 133,148
 South Africa[16] 6.0 9,463 9,463 12,029
 United Kingdom[17] 45.4 885,138 109,000 994,138 1,663,435
 United States[18] 92.0 116,708 757 117,465 205,690
Total (Entente Powers) 789.9 5,696,056 3,674,757 10,353,813 12,809,280
Central Powers
Population Millions
Military Deaths
Civilian Deaths
Total Deaths
Military Wounded
 Austria-Hungary[19] 51.4 1,100,000 467,000 1,567,000 3,620,000
 Bulgaria[20] 5.5 87,500 100,000 187,500 152,390
 German Empire[21] 64.9 2,036,897 426,000 2,462,897 4,247,143
 Ottoman Empire[22] 21.3 800,000 4,200,000 5,000,000 400,000
Total (Central Powers) 143.1 4,024,397 5,191,000 9,415,397 8,419,533
Neutral nations
 Denmark[23] 2.7 722 722
 Norway[24] 2.4 - 1,892 1,892
 Sweden[25] 5.6 - 877 877
Grand Total 941.0 9,720,453 8,869,248 19,772,701 21,228,813

Human Losses of World War Two by Country
Country  
Population 1939  
Military deaths  
Civilian deaths  
Jewish Holocaust deaths  
Total deaths  
Deaths as % of 1939 population  
 Albania[1] 1,073,000 28,000 200 28,200 2.63%
 Australia[2] 6,998,000 39,400 700 40,100 0.57%
 Austria[3] 6,653,000 40,500 65,000 105,500 1.59%
 Belgium[4] 8,387,000 12,100 49,600 24,400 86,100 1.02%
 Brazil[5] 40,289,000 1,000 1,000 2,000 0.00%
 Bulgaria[6] 6,458,000 22,000 3,000 25,000 0.38%
 Burma[7] 16,119,000 22,000 250,000 272,000 1.16%
 Canada[8] 11,267,000 45,300 45,300 0.40%
 Republic of China[9] 517,568,000 3,800,000 16,200,000 20,000,000 3.86%
 Cuba[10] 4,235,000 100 100 0.00%
 Czechoslovakia[11] 15,300,000 25,000 43,000 277,000 345,000 2.25%
 Denmark[12] 3,795,000 2,100 1,000 100 3,200 0.08%
 Estonia[13] 1,134,000 40,000 1,000 41,000 3.62%
 Ethiopia[14] 17,700,000 5,000 95,000 100,000 0.6%
 Finland[15] 3,700,000 95,000 2,000 97,000 2.62%
 France[16] 41,700,000 217,600 267,000 83,000 567,600 1.35%
 French Indochina[17] 24,600,000 1,000,000 1,000,000 4.07%
 Nazi Germany[18][19][20][21] 69,623,000 5,533,000 1,600,000 160,000 7,293,000 10.47%
 Greece[22] 7,222,000 20,000 220,000 71,300 311,300 4.31%
 Hungary[23] 9,129,000 300,000 80,000 200,000 580,000 6.35%
 Iceland[24] 119,000 200 200 0.17%
 British Raj[25] 378,000,000 87,000 1,500,000 1,587,000 0.42%
 Dutch East Indies[26] 69,435,000 4,000,000 4,000,000 5.76%
 Iran[27] 14,340,000 200 200 0.00%
 Iraq[28] 3,698,000 1,000 1,000 0.03%
 Ireland[29] 2,960,000 200 200 0.00%
 Italy[30] 44,394,000 301,400 145,100 8,000 454,500 1.02%
 Japan[31] 71,380,000 2,120,000 580,000 2,700,000 3.78%
 Korea[32] 23,400,000 378,000 378,000 1.6%
 Latvia[33] 1,995,000 147,000 80,000 227,000 11.38%
 Lithuania[34] 2,575,000 212,000 141,000 353,000 13.71%
 Luxembourg[35] 295,000 1,300 700 2,000 0.68%
 Malaya[36] 4,391,000 100,000 100,000 2.28%
 Malta[37] 269,000 1,500 1,500 0.56%
 Mexico[38] 19,320,000 100 100 0.00%
 Mongolia[39] 819,000 300 300 0.04%
 Netherlands[40] 8,729,000 15,800 124,500 106,000 246,300 2.82%
 Newfoundland[41] 300,000 1,000 100 1,100 0.37%
 New Zealand[42] 1,629,000 11,900 11,900 0.67%
 Norway[43] 2,945,000 3,000 5,800 700 9,500 0.32%
 Philippines[44] 16,000,000 57,000 90,000 147,000 0.92%
Micronesia[45] 1,900,000 57,000 57,000 3.00%
 Poland[46] 34,849,000 160,000 2,440,000 3,000,000 5,600,000 16.07%
 Portuguese Timor[47] 500,000 55,000 55,000 11.00%
 Romania[48] 19,934,000 300,000 64,000 469,000 833,000 4.22%
 Singapore[49] 728,000 50,000 50,000 6.87%
 South Africa[50] 10,160,000 11,900 11,900 0.12%
 Soviet Union[51] 168,500,000 10,700,000 11,400,000 1,000,000 23,100,000 13.71%
 Spain[52] 25,637,000 4,500 4,500 0.02%
 Sweden[53] 6,341,000 200 2,000 2,200 0.03%
 Switzerland[54] 4,210,000 100 100 0.00%
 Thailand[55] 15,023,000 5,600 300 5,900 0.04%
 United Kingdom[56] 47,760,000 382,600 67,800 450,400 0.94%
 United States[57] 131,028,000 416,800 1,700 418,500 0.32%
 Yugoslavia[58] 15,400,000 446,000 514,000 67,000 1,027,000 6.67%
Totals 1,961,913,000 25,193,700 41,830,600 5,754,400 72,778,700 3.71%

In Flanders Fields
By: Lieutenant Colonel John McCrae, MD (1872-1918)
Canadian Army
In Flanders fields the poppies blow
Between the crosses row on row,
That mark our place; and in the sky
The larks, still bravely singing, fly
Scarce heard amid the guns below.
We are the Dead. Short days ago
We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow,
Loved and were loved, and now we lie
In Flanders fields.
Take up our quarrel with the foe:
To you from failing hands we throw
The torch; be yours to hold it high.
If ye break faith with us who die
We shall not sleep, though poppies grow
In Flanders fields.
CASUALTIES AND DEATHS  suffered by the United States of America in war or deployments:

War or conflict
Date
Deaths
Wounded
Total dead
and wounded
Missing
Sources/
notes
President
Party
combat
other
total
American Revolutionary War 1775–1783 8,000 17,000 25,000 25,000 50,000 [a]    
Quasi-War 1798–1800 20 20 42 62 [citation needed]    
Barbary Wars 1801–1815 35 35 65 100 [citation needed]    
Other actions against pirates 1800–1900 10 10 21 31 [citation needed]    
Northwest Indian War 1785–1795 1221+ 458 1679+ 3    
War of 1812 1812–1815 2,260 ~17,000 ~20,000 4,505 ~25,000 [1]    
First Seminole War 1817–1818 30 30    
Black Hawk War 1832 60+    
Second Seminole War 1835–1842 328 ~1,500    
Mexican-American War 1846–1848 1,733 11,550 13,283 4,152 17,435 [2]    
Third Seminole War 1855-1858 26 26    
Civil War: total 1861–1865 212,938 ~625,000 [b]    
Union 140,414 224,097 364,511 281,881 646,392    
Confederate 72,524 ~260,000    
Indian Wars 1865–1898 919 1,025 [2]    
Korean expedition 1871 3 3 9 12 [3]    
Spanish-American War 1898 385 2,061 2,446 1,622 4,068 [2]    
Philippine War 1898–1902 1,020 3,176 4,196 2,930 7,126 [2]    
Boxer Rebellion 1900–1901 37 37 204 [citation needed]    
Mexican Revolution 1914–1919 35+ 70 [citation needed]    
Occupation of Haiti 1915–1934 146 26+ [citation needed]    
World War I 1917–1918 53,402 63,114 116,516 204,002 320,518 3,350 [2][c] Wilson Democrat
Northern Russian Expedition 1918-1920 424 [4]    
China 1918; 1921; 1926-1927; 1930; 1937 5 78 83 [5]    
US occupation of Nicaragua 1927-1933 48 68 116 [6]    
World War II 1941–1945 291,557 113,842 405,399 670,846 1,076,245 30,314 [2] Roosevelt / Truman Democrat
China {Cold War} 1945-1947 13 43 56 [7]    
Berlin Blockade 1948-1949 31 [8]    
Korean War 1950–1953 33,746 ? 36,516 103,284 ? 8,177 [2] Truman Democrat
Russia {Cold War} 1950-1955 32 12 44 [9]    
China {Cold War} 1956 16 16 [10]    
Bay of Pigs Invasion 1961 4 4 [11]    
Vietnam War 1957–1973 47,424 10,785 58,209 153,303 211,454 2,489 [12][2] Kennedy / Johnson Democrat
Invasion of Dominican Republic 1965-1966 13 200 213 [13][14]    
El Salvador Civil War 1980–1992 9 20 35 [citation needed]    
Beirut deployment 1982–1984 256 266 169 [15]    
Persian Gulf escorts 1987–1988 39 0 39 31 [citation needed]    
Invasion of Grenada 1983 18 1 19 119 [15]    
Invasion of Panama 1989 23 40 324 [15]    
Gulf War 1990–1991 148 151 299 467 1 [16] [2]    
Somalia 1992–1993 29 14 43 153 [15]    
Haiti 1994–1995 1 4 3 [15]    
Bosnian War 1995? 1 12 6 [citation needed]    
Afghanistan* 2001–present 310 195 505 1,937 2,442 [17]    
Iraq War 2003–present 3,341 738 4,079 40,229 44,308 3 [7] [18]    

 

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