U.S. Supreme Ct. Rulings for Tuesday June 1, 2010

The Supreme Court on Tuesday:

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_ Ruled 5-4 that suspects must explicitly tell police they want to be silent to invoke Miranda protections during criminal interrogations.

_ Unanimously held that a former Somali official could not use the federal foreign sovereign immunity law to protect himself from a lawsuit filed in a U.S. court by alleged Somali victims of persecution.

_ Said, in a 6-3 vote, that a federal law that requires sex offenders to register with authorities when they move to another state does not apply to people who moved before the law took effect.

_ Agreed to decide whether student doctors are students or employees when it comes to collecting Social Security taxes, a question worth $700 million annually to the retirement system.

_ Rejected an appeal from a federal death row inmate who said his death sentence should have been thrown out because of a juror’s misconduct that included calls to five news organizations and 71 other calls to two fellow jurors, despite repeated warnings from the judge not to discuss the case with anyone.

_ Turned down an appeal from an Ohio death row inmate, convicted of killing three people, who raised questions about eyewitness testimony against him and said courts never heard evidence that includes the boast of another man that he was going to carry out the killings.

_ Stayed out of the dispute over a measure approved by voters in agricultural Kern County that is intended to stop treated human waste, generated in the Los Angeles area, from being applied as fertilizer on farms in Kern.

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